Sunlight has been proven to possess many health advantages such as vitamin D production and enhancement of mood and energy levels. In fact, phototherapy has been used to treat many diseases since ancient times.
However, the dangerous effects of chronic and intense sunlight exposure are expressed in many forms. The ageing process is accelerated by photo damage and manifest in the form of wrinkles, pigmentation and dark spots. The ultimate price of long term UV radiation is the development of skin cancer. Children are more sensitive to ultraviolet light and sunburn during the younger years increases the risk of skin cancer. Prolonged exposure to intense sunlight can cause burns. Sunburn mostly occurs during outdoor activities and when using intense sun tanning beds. Significant sunburns may require hospitalization and special treatment.
The level of UV radiation depends on the time of the day, time of the year, geographic location, altitude and the environmental factors such as snow, water, sand and concrete.
* Choose a sunscreen that has an SPF of 30 or higher, water resistant
* Apply sunscreen generously before going outdoors
* Apply sunscreen to all bare skin- Face neck, back, ears, tops of your feet and legs.
* Reapply sunscreen at least every two hours to remain protected, or immediately after swimming or excessively sweating
* Sunscreen is recommended for all seasons during outdoor activity
* Sun protection habits: Seek shade when appropriate, Wear protective clothing, wide hat and sunglasses
* Use extra caution near water, snow and sand as they reflect the damaging rays of the sun
* Get vitamin D safely through a healthy diet and vitamin supplements.
* Avoid tanning beds.
* Check your body for any changes in the moles